Latitudine: 42.88662 - Longitudine: 11.916087 | Altitudine 645 metri circa

The castle of Fighine is located in one of the most scenic spots of San Casciano dei Bagni; it lies on a high ridge and dominates the whole southern part of the Val di Chiana, extending its view over most of Umbria. Its strategic position of control over ancient borders has always made it attractive to various state entities. Mentioned for the first time in a 1058 document, it appears in the edict of Federico II of Svevia, who assigns it to the Counts of Campiglia. After various wars, the Pope donated it to the Manenti family. In 1446 the Republic of Siena took control of the castle and it underwent expansion and reinforcement works, later interrupted in 1451 due to the occupation of papal troops. Only the intervention of Pope Pius II in 1467 in favour of Siena slowed the continuous succession of sieges and occupations that had decimated the population, to such an extent that Siena was forced to let new citizens move here and repopulate it like a colony.

In that period the castle was built as we see it today, with the two main towers and the half-round tower that were added to the ancient and mighty old tower. Other quadrangular and semi-circular towers protected the walls to defend the village. In the meantime, the castle had become the institutional and religious centre for the nearby community of Palazzone. In 1606 Grand Duke Ferdinando I established the Feudo di Fighine and given to the Marchesi del Bufalo who kept it until the early 19th century. With the growth of Palazzone, the village of Fighine became gradually depopulated due to a new settlement on its slopes. Today, after careful restoration, the village has returned to new life, and it is one of the treasures in the territory of San Casciano dei Bagni.

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The streets within the walls of Fighine merge in the square where the small and lovely Church of San Michele Arcangelo stands. This church was built using one of the towers of the ancient city walls as its apse. It has a single nave, a timber roof truss and terracotta flooring. The left side chapel, dedicated to the Madonna, was restored with neo-Gothic features. Inside there are paintings with images of Saints realized by Orvieto and Florentine schools. Behind the main altar stands the image of San Michele Arcangelo made by the painter Bonichi di Lucignano (1750). The most recent fresco on the right wall depicts one of the old owners of the castle while kneeling, in the act of donating the other small church just outside the walls of Fighine, Santa Maria delle Grazie.

i borghi

Atius modignam sam coreseq uibus, everibus dolent, con cum quate sitios simus. La earchic aboratem. Et eium sit audant mi, tendae cor aut eationse nimpellab inis int. Alic te vitae perum nobis delenda alit eum rati ipsum abores aut eos sus.

San Casciano dei Bagni

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